ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAL NAMES. 323 of centuries, and with even the eirarelies on their old sites, though tie latter had become useless In consequence of the cliaage in the national religion^ which required one or two large arenas for the display of pulpit eloquence rather than, many secluded oratories for private devotion, "When a similar calamity befell an Indian city, as It often did, the position of the old sfiriaes generally marked by rode connnemGratiTO stones,, bus the people no difficulty abont abandoning the exact sites of their old liomes? if equally eligible spots offered themselves ia the neighbourhood. The same diversity of conservative ideas runs through the wiiole diameter: the Hindu quotes the practice of his father and grandfather and persuades Mmself that he is as they vere? and that they were as their forefathers, uncon- scious of any change and ignoring the evidence of it that is afforded by ancient monmnents, both literary and architectural. The former he prizes only for their connexion with the sect to which lie himself belongs ; whatever is illus- trative of an alien faith be consigns to destruction without any regard for its Mstory or artistic significance ; and in an ancient building, if it has fallen, into disuse, he sees no beauty and can take no interest; though this can scarcely be from the feeling that he can easily replace it with a better^ a coavictioii •which led oar medieval architects to destroy without compunction any part of an earlier cathedral, however beautiful in itself, which had become decayed or too small for later reqnirmeiits. In al these matters England is far more critically conservative; telieving in nothlngj we tolerate everything; and profoundly distrusting our own creative faculties^ we preserve as models wlmtever we rescue from the either in art or literature. These refections may to wander rather far from Hie mark 5 "but explain the carious equipoise that prevails ia the Indian mind between a pro* found contempt for antiquity anil am equally profound veneration for it The very sight regard in which ancient are field is illustrated by the use of the terms * Little * and i * as local prefixes* In consequence of the ten- dency to shift the centre of population, selJom afford information, as to the comparative area and importance of the two villages so di&tingiiished: most frequently the one styled & Little' will be" the larger of the two. la some the prelx 4 Great* only the common property was divided the sons of the the so designated fell to the lot of tie ; but ordinarily it the original vilkge site, wMdi Ims fceen •wholly or at least partially or so dlmmished by snoceseve parti- tions that It ims eventelly the least important of the group.